Sponsored By
An organization or individual has paid for the creation of this work but did not approve or review it.



BLANE KLEMEK OUTDOORS: Ruby-crowned kinglets are among my favorite birds

Ruby-crowned kinglets are aptly named due to the distinctive color of their crowns. In fact, it’s a diagnostic trait that aids in positive identification.

Ruby-crowned kinglet
Blane Klemek's daughter Emily holds a ruby-crowned kinglet after it flew into a window.

My daughter Emily sent me a text on April 26 to tell me about her experience with a ruby-crowned kinglet. She wrote:

“I hung out with a little kinglet at work today after it had taken a gnarly bump to the head. Smacked right into the window that I was standing in front of and scared the heck out of me.

"It certainly didn't seem interested in leaving my warm hands and snuggled into my hair and chest while being held. Little buddy finally flew away after almost 45 minutes.

"I forget how tiny birds can be, this little one was only about the size of a golf ball when all curled up to hide from the wind.”

She already had me with her description of the experience and the photo she took of her kinglet encounter, but then she added:


“Made me think of you and all of the awesome animal encounters we’ve had over the years. Love you Dad.”


I wrote back, “This melts my heart. You are so good and kind with animals. You're the kinglet whisperer. Isn't it special to hold a tiny bird in your hands? You've been blessed. And so was the little kinglet. Without you, it wouldn't have survived.

"Ruby-crowned kinglets are among my favorite birds. You wouldn't believe the big voice they have. The male sings the most beautiful song.

"Google ruby-crowned kinglet song. Believe it or not, as I sit here on the deck writing to you right now, I can hear one singing. Love you, ‘Punk!”

The ruby-crowned kinglet, one of our tiniest birds at not much more than four inches long from beak to tail and scarcely a quarter ounce in weight, sings one of the heartiest of all songs.

Interestingly, for such pint-size proportions, female ruby-crowned kinglets lay one of the largest clutches of eggs. Clutch sizes average eight eggs to as many as 12 eggs in a nest.

Male ruby-crowned kinglets like to sing their lively three-part song from lofty perches. The song begins with a few high-pitched “tsee” notes, followed by a half-dozen or so lower-pitched “churr” notes, and culminates with a beautifully rich and rolling string of warbled phrases.


His magnificent and beautiful song is sung repeatedly and tirelessly.

As such, if you hear the song of a ruby-crowned kinglet, stop and remain very still. Chances are good that you’ll hear its song again and maybe even observe him singing.

But think small and look high when you search. In fact, now and until leaf-out is the best time for observing these and other neo-tropical migrant songbirds within their preferred mixed deciduous-coniferous forest habitats.

Ruby-crowned kinglets are aptly named due to the distinctive color of their crowns. In fact, it’s a diagnostic trait that aids in positive identification.

Even so, don’t expect to see the red top of the ruby-crowned kinglet very easily, because it’s almost invisible unless the male raises its head feathers to expose the scarlet patch. He does this when he’s agitated, as when he defends his territory and while he sings.

Otherwise, the plumage coloration of ruby-crowned kinglets is rather drab. They resemble flycatchers and vireos in color, size, and behavior.

The diet of ruby-crowned kinglets is almost exclusively insects such as ants and flying insects. Other prey items include spiders, insect eggs, and some seeds and fruit are also consumed.

It’s very common to observe kinglets hovering and gleaning insects from the ends of branches and between the needles of conifers as they flit about like tiny, feathered darts searching for food.


Other notable features of ruby-crowned kinglets aside from their small size include both physical and behavioral traits. A greenish and gray-colored bird that you’ll immediately recognize as being smaller than warblers and chickadees, you’ll also note that the species rarely sits still for long.

High-strung and energetic, ruby-crowned kinglets are constantly on the move and only stop to sing and roost while flicking their wings wherever they go.

Their white eye-ring, white bars on their wings, and of course the normally hidden bright red crown of the male, are all common features of this extraordinary wild bird.

Indeed, as my daughter recently discovered, we can count our blessings to be living in a place with such abundant diversity of wild birds and habitats, as we get out and enjoy the great outdoors.

Blane Klemek is a Minnesota DNR wildlife manager. He can be reached at bklemek@yahoo.com.

Blane Klemek WEB.jpg

What To Read Next
In the Blackduck area, new snow improved trail conditions, and snowmobilers were out on the trails despite the mercury dropping below zero over the weekend.
Though there’s more snow and cold to come, rest assured that the sun is rising earlier and setting later with each passing day, and soon spring will be here once again.
Noah Moss of Aitkin, Minnesota, caught the 54-inch muskie Wednesday, Aug. 17, 2022, on Lake Plantagenet near Bemidji.
The Superior native died in 1956, but his writing still has a huge following.