UPDATED: Bemidji-born actress Jane Russell dies at 89
LOS ANGELES (AP) -- Jane Russell, the busty brunette who was born in Bemidji and shot to fame as the sexy star of Howard Hughes' 1941 Western "The Outlaw," died Monday of respiratory failure, her family said. She was 89.
She was born Ernestine Jane Geraldine Russell on June 21, 1921, in a cabin that was one of the first to be constructed on Lake Bemidji. It was built next to the Birchmont Hotel (now Ruttger's Birchmont Lodge) by the family of Jane's mother.
Her parents, Roy William Russell and Geraldine Jacobi, were both born in North Dakota. Roy and Geraldine married in 1917. He was a commissioned First Lieutenant in the U.S. Army and she was an actress with a road troupe.
They lived in Canada during the early years of their marriage, but they came to Bemidji for Jane's birth to ensure that she would be a United States citizen.
After Jane, the couple had four sons.
When Jane was a child they moved temporarily to Canada, then to the San Fernando Valley of California.
When Russell last visited Bemidji in 2002, joined by her cousins, the late Bud Jacobi of Grand Forks, N.D., and Judy Jacobi of Bemidji, she reminisced about her times in the area, her film career and her second career modeling and promoting Playtex "cross your heart" brassieres in the 1970s.
She also signed the Paul Bunyan-sized guest book at Bemidji's Tourist Information Center.
Judy Jacobi, who splits her time between Bemidji and Boulder, Colo., talked about that visit in a telephone interview Monday night from Boulder. "We had a wonderful time," she said. "She stayed at my house and we visited the Birchmont Hotel because that's been a big part of the Jacobi family."
Judy said Jane also visited Bemidji in the late 1940s or early 1950s with her husband, Bob Waterfield, a pro football star who was her high school sweetheart.
"Bob thought he was going to see a little tiny pond," Judy said. "He was surprised to see our big lake."
Although Russell made only a handful of films after the 1960s, she had remained active in her church, with charitable organizations and with a local singing group until her health began to decline just a couple weeks ago, said her daughter-in-law, Etta Waterfield. She died at her home in Santa Maria.
"She always said I'm going to die in the saddle, I'm not going to sit at home and become an old woman," Waterfield told The Associated Press. "And that's exactly what she did, she died in the saddle."
Hughes, the eccentric billionaire, put her onto the path to stardom when he cast her in "The Outlaw," a film he fought with censors for nearly a decade to get into wide release.
With her sultry look and glowing sexuality, Russell became a star before she was ever seen by a wide movie audience. The Hughes publicity mill ground out photos of the beauty in low-cut costumes and swim suits, and she became famous, especially as a pinup for World War II GIs.
By that time she had become a box-office star by starring with Bob Hope in the 1948 hit comedy-Western "The Paleface."
Although her look and her hourglass figure made her the subject of numerous nightclub jokes, unlike Monroe, Rita Hayworth and other pinup queens of the era, Russell was untouched by scandal in her personal life. During her Hollywood career she was married to star UCLA and pro football quarterback Waterfield.
"The Outlaw," although it established her reputation, was beset with trouble from the beginning. Director Howard Hawks, one of Hollywood's most eminent and autocratic filmmakers, rankled under producer Hughes' constant suggestions and finally walked out.
"Hughes directed the whole picture -- for nine bloody months!" Russell said in 1999.
The film's rambling, fictional plot featured Russell as a friend of Billy the Kid as he tussles with Doc Holliday and Sheriff Pat Garrett.
It had scattered brief runs in the 1940s, earning scathing reviews. The Los Angeles Times called it "one of the weirdest Western pictures that ever unreeled before the public." Another release in 1950 drew more poor reviews and mediocre business.
But Hughes bought the ailing RKO studio in 1948, and he devoted special care to his No. 1 star, using his engineering skills to design Russell a special brassiere (she said she never wore it.) That year she made her most successful film, a loanout to Paramount for "The Paleface."
But at RKO she was cast in a series of potboilers such as "His Kind of Woman" (with Robert Mitchum), "Double Dynamite" (Frank Sinatra, Groucho Marx), "The Las Vegas Story" (Victor Mature) and "Macao" (Mitchum again).
Hughes had rewarded her with a unique 20-year contract paying $1,000 a week, then he sold RKO and quit making movies. Russell continued receiving the weekly fee, but never made another film for Hughes.
Her only other notable film was "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes," a 1953 musical based on the novel by Anita Loos. She and Monroe teamed up to sing "Two Little Girls From Little Rock" and seek romance in Paris.
At a 2001 film festival appearance, Russell noted that Monroe was five years younger, saying, "It was like working with a little sister."
She followed that up with the 1954 musical "The French Line," which like "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" has her cavorting on an ocean liner. The film was shot in 3-D, and he promotional campaign for it proclaimed "J.R. in 3D. Need we say more?"
In 1955, she made the sequel "Gentlemen Marry Brunettes" (without Monroe) and starred in the Westerns "The Tall Men," with Clark Gable, and "Foxfire," with Jeff Chandler. But by the 1960s, her film career had faded.
"Why did I quit movies?" she remarked in 1999. "Because I was getting too old! You couldn't go on acting in those years if you were an actress over 30."
She continued to appear in nightclubs, television and musical theater, including a stint on Broadway in Stephen Sondheim's "Company." She formed a singing group with Connie Haines and Beryl Davis, and they made records of gospel songs.
Jane wrote in her 1985 autobiography, "My Paths and Detours," that during high school she had a back-alley abortion, which may have rendered her unable to bear children.
Her early ambition was to design clothes and houses, but that was postponed until her later years. While working as a receptionist, she was spotted by a movie agent who submitted her photos to Hughes, and she was summoned for a test with Hawks, who was to direct "The Outlaw."
"There were a lot of other unknowns who were being tested that day," she recalled in a 1999 Associated Press interview. "I figured Jack Beutel was going to be chosen to play Billy the Kid, so I insisted on being tested with him."
Both were cast, and three months would pass before she met Hughes. The producer was famous for dating his discoveries as well as numerous Hollywood actresses, but his contract with Russell remained strictly business. Her engagement and 1943 marriage to Waterfield assured that.
She was the leader of the Hollywood Christian Group, a cluster of film people who gathered for Bible study and good works. After experiencing problems in adopting her three children, she founded World Adoption International Agency, which has helped facilitate adoptions of more than 50,000 children from overseas.
She made hundreds of appearances for WAIF and served on the board for 40 years.
For many years she served as TV spokeswoman for Playtex bras.
As she related in "My Path and Detours," Russell's life was marked by heartache. Her 24-year marriage to Waterfield ended in bitter divorce in 1968 (they had adopted sons Thomas and Robert, and daughter Tracy.)
That year she married actor Roger Barrett; three months later he died of a heart attack. In 1978 she married developer John Peoples, and they lived in Sedona, Ariz., and later, Santa Barbara. He died in 1999 of heart failure.